Космонавт совершил самый сложный полет в истории отечественной космонавтики

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Космонавт совершил самый сложный полет в истории отечественной космонавтики

Ви́ктор Петро́вич Савины́х (7 марта 1940, д. Березкины, Оричевский район, Кировская область) — советский космонавт, учёный, организатор подготовки кадров в системе высшей школы; доктор технических наук, профессор, член-корреспондент РАН (2006). Дважды Герой Советского Союза. Лауреат Государственных премий СССР и Российской Федерации. В 1988—2007 ректор, с 2007 президент Московского государственного университета геодезии и картографии (МИИГАиК), член экспертного совета Национальной премии «Хрустальный компас».

Первый космический полёт совершил с 12 марта по 26 мая 1981 года в качестве бортинженера космического корабля «Союз Т-4» и 5-й основной экспедиции на станцию «Салют-6». Командир экипажа — Владимир Ковалёнок.

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Второй полёт в космос командира корабля Джанибекова и Савиных в качестве бортинженера на корабле «Союз Т-13» считается самым сложным с технической точки зрения в истории отечественной космонавтики. После сбоя основного оборудования командной радиолинии и выдачи неверных команд из ЦУПа, станция «Салют-7», вследствие сбоя питания, перешла в полностью неуправляемый полёт. Для восстановления контроля над станцией была отправлена экспедиция на модифицированном под эти цели корабле «Союз Т-13» в составе Джанибекова и Савиных. С корабля были сняты система автоматической стыковки и кресло третьего космонавта, были улучшены средства визуального наблюдения для осуществления ручной стыковки, установлен лазерный дальномер и размещены дополнительные запасы воды, питания и кислорода. Сближение корабля со станцией было осуществлено при участии наземных и космических средств системы ПРО, что доказало, в том числе, принципиальную возможность взаимодействия с любыми космическими объектами. События этой экспедиции описаны в его книге «Записки с мёртвой станции». Виктор Савиных провёл в космосе 168 дней с 6 июня по 21 ноября 1985 года, после окончания ремонтных работ на станции и пристыковке к неё космического корабля «Союз Т-14» он стал членом 4-й основной экспедиции на «Салюте-7» вместе с космонавтами Владимиром Васютиным и Александром Волковым.

Третий космический полёт Виктор Савиных совершил с 7 по 17 июня 1988 года в качестве бортинженера космического корабля «Союз ТМ-5» в составе международного экипажа с командиром Анатолием Соловьёвым и космонавтом-исследователем Александром Александровым (Болгария). В ходе полёта была выполнена стыковка со станцией «Мир», где работал экипаж 4-й основной экспедиции (Владимир Титов и Муса Манаров).

В 1988 году Виктор Петрович Савиных был избран ректором МИИГАиКа. Автор ряда учебников и монографий, статей, посвящённых вопросам дистанционных исследований Земли из космоса, а также научно-популярных книг о космосе. Член Союза писателей. Народный депутат СССР с 1989 года по 1992 год. Президент Ассоциации российских вузов. Главный редактор общественно-политического и научно-популярного журнала «Российский космос».

В 2005 году его именем была названа малая планета 6890, открытая 3 сентября 1975 года.

Дважды Герой Советского Союза (1981, 1985);

 

Источник: Интернет-журнал "Совершенствуй среду обитания"

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